Green Procurement Regulated Substances and EU Regulated Substances

Analysis of Substances Regulated by Green Procurement and European Union (EU)

EU legislation implemented on July 1 2006 the RoHS Directive restricting the use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment in the countries of EU. After implementation of the RoHS Directive not only Japan but also other countries started to similar regulations after choosing to model their laws on EU RoHS Directive. Japan implemented the J-Moss Standard (the marking for presence of the specific chemical substances in electrical and electronic equipment) and the JIG (Joint Industry Guide for Material Composition Declaration for Electronic Products) Guideline (specified substances by Japan Green Procurement Survey Standardization Initiative).

JEF-TEC can provide the analysis service for Green Procurement specified substances and EU regulated substances.

Analysis of Hazardous Substances with Environmental Impact

Analysis of Regulated Substances by RoHS Directive, WEEE Directive, and ELV Directive etc. (Pb, Cd, Hg, Cr6+, PBB, and PBDE)

Structure of PBB and PBDE

Six regulated substances (lead, cadmium, mercury, six valent chromium, polybrominated biphenyl, and polybrominated diphenyl ether) can be analyzed as a group.

Analysis of Regulated Substances by RoHS Directive 2.0

Analysis of PFOS-related Substances (PFOS- and PFOA-related Substances)

Structure of PFOS and PFOA

JEF-TEC can provide the analysis service of perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) whose use is regulated by EU.

Analysis of Brominated Flame Retardants (PBB, PBDE, HBCD, and TBBPA)

Structure of HBCD and TBBPA

In addition to polybrominated biphenyl (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) JEF-TEC can provide the analysis service of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD), tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), and 2,4,6-tribromophenol (TBP).

Analysis Flow

Analysis Flow

Some Regulations Implemented by Japan and Other Countries

  • For details, click here.

European Union

  • RoHS Directive: Directive on prohibition of the use of specific hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment
  • WEEE Directive: Waste electrical and electronic equipment directive
  • ELV Directive: End-of-Life vehicle directive
  • REACH Regulation: Regulation on registration, evaluation, authorization and restriction of chemicals.
  • Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive
  • European Commission Directive on Toy Safety
  • Directive on the Restriction of Sale and Use of Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid >> Please click here for the analysis of PFOS and PHOA.

Germany

  • Testing and Validation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH) in the course of GS-Mark Certification >> Please clickhere for analysis of the PAHs.
  • German regulation on the use of certain azo compounds in some consumer goods

Japan

  • J-Moss : The marking method for presence of the specific chemical substances for electrical and electronic equipment
  • JIG : Substances specified by the Japanese Green Procurement Survey Standardization Initiative (JGPSSI) (Threshold limit Level A and threshold limit Level B for certain substances)

Global Treaty

  • Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs Convention)

Level A materials and substances regulated in JIG

Substances Major regulations Example of analysis method
Lead (Pb) RoHS, ELV, WEEE, J-Moss ICP mass spectrometry, flameless atomic absorption (AA) spectrometry
Cadmium (Cd) RoHS, ELV, WEEE, J-Moss ICP mass spectrometry, flameless AA spectrometry
Mercury (Hg) RoHS, ELV, WEEE, J-Moss Cold vapor AA spectrometry, ICP mass spectrometry
Six valent chromium (Cr6+) RoHS, ELV, WEEE, J-Moss Extraction and Absorption photometry
Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) RoHS, WEEE, J-Moss, POPs treaty Gas chromatography mass spectrometry
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) RoHS, WEEE, J-Moss, POPs treaty Gas chromatography mass spectrometry
Asbestos EEC Directive, Occupational Health and Safety Law X-ray diffraction method, phase contrast microscopy
Azo dyes and pigments German regulation on its use in consumer goods Gas chromatography mass spectrometry
Ozone depleting substances Law concerning the Protection of the Ozone Layer through the Control of Specified Substances and Other Measures, Montreal Protocol Gas chromatography mass spectrometry
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated terphenyls (PCTs) Chemical Substance Control Law Gas chromatography mass spectrometry
Polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) (number of chlorine atoms more than 3) Chemical Substance Control Law Gas chromatography mass spectrometry
Radioactive materials U.S. Nuclear Regular Commission regulations on power reactor and radioactive materials G. M. counter
Tibutyltin (TBT), triphenyltin (TPT) (organic tin compounds) Chemical Substance Control Law Gas chromatography mass spectrometry
Tributyltin oxide (TBTO) (organic tin compound) Chemical Substance Control Law Gas chromatography mass spectrometry

Level B materials and substances regulated in JIG

Substances Example of analysis method
Antimony (Sb) ICP mass spectrometry, flameless AA spectrometry
Arsine (As) Flameless AA spectrometry, hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry
Beryllium (Be) ICP mass spectrometry, ICP atomic emission spectrometry
Bismuth (Bi) ICP mass spectrometry, flameless AA spectrometry
Brominated flame retardants (except PBB and PBDE) Gas chromatography mass spectrometry, liquid chromatography mass spectrometry
Phthalate esters Extraction and gas chromatography mass spectrometry
Selenium (Se) Flameless AA spectrometry, hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry

Publications and References

Masayoshi Hirano, Takuo Tamura, and Naoki Yoshino (JFE-TEC),
"Rapid quantitative analysis of brominated flame retardants related to the RoHS Directive and the WEEE Directive", presented at 16th Symposium on Environmental Chemistry, June 2007.
Masayoshi Hirano (JEF-TEC),
"Rapid, high-sensitivity analysis of brominated flame retardants related to the RoHS Directive", presented at the 22nd Conference on the Instrumentation Technology for Environmental Science, February 2008.

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